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Drug Testing

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What is a Drug Test?

A drug test is usually done to detect any presence of any illegal or prescription drugs in a candidate's blood, urine, hair, saliva, or sweat. One common type of drug screening is Urine testing.

Most people are often tested for drugs such as:

  • Cocaine
  • Marijuana
  • Barbiturates, such as phenobarbital and secobarbital
  • Steroids
  • Amphetamines, including methamphetamine
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)

Many names, including: also know drug testing

  • Drug screen
  • Drug test
  • Drugs of abuse testing
  • Substance abuse testing
  • Toxicology screen
  • Tox screen
  • Sports doping tests
  • Opioids

What do drug tests look for?

Drug testing is used to confirm whether a person has used or taken a particular drug or several drugs. Most of the types it is done in:

  • Employment
  • Most employers may require drug testing on potential employees to check whether they are using certain drugs before hiring them.

  • Sports organizations
  • Collegiate and professional athletes typically have to be screened to rule out whether they have been using other substances or performance-enhancing drugs.

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  • Legal or forensic purposes
  • The court may order drug screen or testing as part of an investigation from a car accident. The judge may also order drug testing as part of a court case.

  • Monitoring opioid use
  • Your health care provider may require you to take drug testing if you are taking prescribed opioids for chronic pain, and that is necessary to confirm whether you are using the proper dosage.

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Why do I need a drug test?

Drug testing may be necessary if your potential employer sets it as one of the conditions to get hired; sports organizers may also require athletes to be screened for performance-enhancing drugs. Or if it may also be needed in a court case or as a part of a police investigation. A medical health provider may also order drug testing to screen a patient and establish whether they are abusing prescription drugs. The signs of prescription drug abuse include:

  • Agitation
  • Paranoia
  • Slurred or slow speech
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Delirium
  • Dilated or small pupils
  • Nausea
  • Fluctuation of heart rhythm and blood pressure

What happens during a drug test?

The drug testing process requires the patient to give a urine sample in the laboratory. The provider will provide you with a "clean-catch" sample. The clean-catch sample involves the following steps:

  • Wash your hands
  • Using a cleaning pad that your provider will give you, wash your genitals. Men should clean the tip of the penis while women have to open their labia and clean from front to back.
  • Urinate first into the toilet
  • Put the sample collecting container beneath your urine stream.
  • An ounce or two of your urine needs to go into the container. The container has a scale beside it to indicate the amount of the sample.
  • Continue to urinate into the toilet.
  • Hand over the collected urine sample to the health care provider or lab technician.
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Occasionally, another staff member or medical technician has to be there while the patient is handing over the urine sample.
If a drug test requires a blood test, the patient needs to go to the laboratory and provide the blood sample. The process involves drawing blood samples from the patient's veins using a small needle. Once the needle is inserted into the vein, a small amount of blood is channeled into a vial or test tube. You won't feel much pain, only a sting when the needle goes in and out of the vein. This process will take about five minutes.

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What is needed when preparing for a drug test?

The health care provider or the drug test provider has to know if the patient is using over-the-counter drugs, prescription drugs, or supplements, and therefore tell them in advance before the test starts. The reason is that some of these drugs may give a positive result for certain illicit or illegal drugs. The patient also needs to avoid foods that have poppy seeds as they may also give out positive results for opioids.

What do the results mean?

A negative drug test shows that no drugs were present in your body. A negative result may also mean that the number of drugs found in your body is below the established level. The set level varies depending on the type of drug being tested for. A positive result means that one or several drugs tested for were present in your body or were above the established level.
Occasionally, a false positive can occur. If you feel like the results are incorrect, further tests will have to be done to ascertain whether or not you have traces of a particular drug or several drugs in your body.

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Types of Drug Tests

Based on which type of drugs a patient is being tested for, drug tests will vary. The test will also vary depending on the sample that is required for the drug test. Test specimens include blood, sweat, saliva (oral fluid), or urine. Only urine samples are allowed in federally regulated programs. However, proposed guidelines were released by the Secretary of Health and Human Service to include oral fluid specimens.

There are five categories of drugs that drug tests are commonly used for:

  • Marijuana
  • Cocaine
  • Opiates
  • Amphetamines
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)

Other substances that can be tested with a drug test include:

  • Hydrocodone
  • Barbiturates
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Ethanol (alcohol)
  • Hydrocodone
  • MDMA
  • Methadone
  • Methaqualone
  • Propoxyphene

The best way to detect any illicit drug in the body system is by conducting random drug testing. An unpredictable selection process is usually by most employers to conduct a random drug test.
Below are other instances where drug testing may be required:

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Pre-employment Tests

Passing a drug test can be a condition for getting employment. Before any prospective employee is considered for a job, they need to take a drug test.

Annual Physical Tests

A drug test can also be a part of an annual physical examination where employers test their employees. As an employer, you need to notify your employees in advance that a drug test will be included in the annual physical examination. It will violate an employee's constitutional rights if you fail to notify them in advance.

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For-cause and Reasonable Suspicion Tests

If you note that one or several of your employees display signs of being unfit for duty, you may need to order a drug test. You can also do so for an employee who is showing unsafe working habits. Having such a drug test helps protect the interest of other employees and clients that the company is dealing with.

Post-accident Tests

A drug test may be necessary to establish whether an employee was under the influence of any drug when an accident happened or if they were involved in unsafe working practices.

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Post-treatment Tests

If an employee has just come from a rehab program and wants to encourage them to remain sober, you may need to consider taking a drug test.

Wilmington Urgent Clinic Difference

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Why visit a Wilmington Urgent
Clinic for Drug testing

When you are not feeling well, you require urgent health care. Many people prefer urgent care clinics over emergency rooms because of many reasons. Urgent care clinics don't discriminate when treating patients and provide quick responses regardless of the medical condition. Urgent care clinics also provide patients with high-quality health and dental care at reasonable costs. Emergency rooms, on the other hand, are very slow because most of them are understaffed. These facilities also don't handle all kinds of medical conditions, and they only take health conditions deemed to be life-threatening.

Frequently Asked Questions

A urine drug test is meant to check for many substances and drugs in the body system. This type of drug testing can screen for several meanings, such as amphetamines, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamines, barbiturates, opiates, alcohol, and nicotine.

If you take a drug test, and the results turn out to be positive, it means that there are traces of substantial amounts of the drug being tested for. The medical review officer will receive the results, evaluate them, and ask you if there is a valid explanation for the positive results.

Since hair usually grows, if you consume a drug, it will take about 7 to 10 days for the affected hair to grow above the scalp. The growth rate of body hair is low, which makes it unreliable when conducting a drug test because you can't determine the time frame of drug use.

If you refuse to take a drug test, it is like saying that you have something to hide. Although you have a right to say no, assuming it is typically the best option if you want to be considered employment. There are many reasons why anyone would like you to take drug tests, and all of them are probably valid and, most of the time, are for your good.

There are consequences for failing a drug test. One of them is getting fired, especially in cases where the drug you are using is illegal. Failing a drug test goes on your record and stays there for three years.

Alcohol usually stays for a short period in your system, unlike other types of drugs, and it usually takes several hours to a few days. Therefore, the best thing to do to ensure that you don't fail an alcohol drug test is to avoid alcoholic beverages for 2 to two days before the test is done.

Blood flows into the hair follicles, and since the drug being tested for is usually absorbed into the bloodstream, it means that traces of it will be found in the hair. That is especially so if the drug is injected into the vein, swallowed, smoked, or snorted.

About Wilmington Urgent Clinic

Wilmington Urgent Family Clinic is among the best medical care centers in Wilmington, CA, providing extensive and excellent medical services. The treatment quality provided in this facility is unmatched, and that is why many people prefer our urgent care clinic to emergency rooms. All our patients and persons are treated with compassion, and we handle all sorts of medical conditions without discrimination. Our services are offered on a walk-in basis, meaning that you don't need to wait for long hours to receive medical attention.

Wilmington Urgent Family Clinic is all about the well-being of all patients who come to seek medical services. We armed to the teeth with advanced and state-of-the-art equipment to handle all sorts of health and medical conditions. We adhere to medical industry best practices, and that's why we are always at the top. Waiting to receive medical attention is only experienced in emergency rooms, and complete x-ray services are also offered at Wilmington Urgent Family Clinic.

Wilmington Urgent Family Clinic offers medical services on a walk-in basis, meaning you don't need to wait for long to receive attention. Among the services provided at our clinic at your convenience are physical examinations. Suppose you want to get a drug test or even a COVID-19 test, type drug testing near me in Google's search bar. Visiting our website will guarantee you all the necessary information that you want about us and our services. You will also know where we are located in Southern California.

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