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Wound Care

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What is Wound Care?

Wound treatment is necessary if you want to prevent further complications from the injury. Failure to take care of skin wounds properly may result in serious infections such as sepsis or cellulitis. Maintaining proper wound care management requires the first few weeks after the injury. 24-hour evaluation care may be necessary if the Wound is not healing properly or if it is too deep. The evaluation also helps to detect whether there are any other underlying issues that are undermining the healing process.

Causes of Wounds

The origin of a wound can be internal or external. Neuropathy, impaired circulation, or medical illness can cause an injury whose origin is internal. Trauma or outside forces are what cause wounds of external origin.

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Internal Wounds

Internal wound formation may be caused by a disturbance of different regulating systems in the human body. Some of these disturbances may include:

  • Impaired circulation
  • This may be either from stasis or ischemia. The narrowing or blockage of blood vessels is what causes ischemia. These conditions lead to poor blood circulation. Stasis, on the other hand, comes as a result of immobilization or staying in one. This may be either from stasis or ischemia. The narrowing or blockage of blood vessels is what causes ischemia. These conditions lead to poor blood circulation. Stasis, on the other hand, comes as a result of immobilization or staying in one

  • Neuropathy
  • This type of internal Wound usually happens in situations where diabetes mellitus is not controlled for a long time. When this happens, derivative proteins, high blood sugars, and metabolites damage the nervous system by accumulating. Usually, due to the loss of sensation in the affected area, the patient won't be aware of the Wound or trauma.

  • Medical illness
  • Medical illnesses can also cause impairment of the immune system functions. This happens when these illnesses are uncontrolled for long periods or when they become chronic. Other organs and systems will get damaged due to diminishing circulation. Examples of these illnesses include atherosclerosis, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, AIDS, diabetes mellitus, hepatitis C virus, morbid obesity, and many more.

External Wounds

Wounds of external origin may either be closed or open. In a closed wound, there is no exposure even though the underlying tissue is damaged from the inside. The skin stays intact, protecting the injured underlying tissues from the outside environment. Consider reaching out to a doctor for open wound care. Below are common types of closed wounds:

  • Contusions
  • These types of injuries are quite common in sports. It happens when direct, blunt trauma damages the small blood capillaries and vessels. The trauma may also cause harm to the underlying tissues, muscles, internal organs, or bones. You will notice this type of external injury from a reddish or bluish discoloration bruise that is quite painful. This discoloration will spread around the injured area.

  • Hematomas
  • Any type of injury that causes harm to capillaries and blood vessels is what is called hematomas. This type of external injury causes the blood to collect and pool in limited space. Usually, this type of Wound presents itself as a spongy rubbery lump-like lesion that is quite painful. Hematomas can be just under the skin or deep inside the body, or they can also be big or small, depending on how severe the trauma site is.

  • Crush injuries
  • These types of external injury come as a result of an external high-pressure force between two surfaces that squeezes part of the body. The power, size, site, and duration of the trauma determine the severity of the injury. This means that a crush injury may be a minor bruise or complete destruction of the crushed sore.

Symptoms of Wounds

  • Pus: Pus is a cloudy fluid that oozes out of the injured site.
  • Pimple: A yellow pimple-like crust will develop on the wound site
  • Soft Scab: The scab starts to increase in size
  • Red Area: The wounded areas will experience increased redness
  • Red Streak: A red streak will spread from the Wound going to the heart.
  • More Pain: The Wound may start becoming quite tender.
  • More Swelling: Swelling and pain will start increasing within 48 hours once the injury has occurred
  • Swollen Node: Large and tender lymph nodes will start swelling in the affected area.
  • Fever: There will be fever if the Wound will not have healed within ten days of the injury.

Different Types of Wounds

Types of open wounds are grouped into four main categories based on what caused the injury in the first place. They include:


An abrasion injury happens when the skin rubs against a hard or rough surface. An example of abrasion is a road rush. In this type of Wound, there wouldn't be so much bleeding, but the injured area will have to be cleaned to prevent infection.


The tearing of the skin or an undercut is known as a laceration injury. Lacerations are usually caused by tools, knives, and machinery accidents. Bleeding can be extensive or rapid if the laceration is deep.


What causes a puncture injury which leaves a small hole on the skin is a long pointy object such as a needle or a nail. On certain occasions, a bullet leads to a puncture wound. This type of Wound may go deep inside the body and damage organs located in the body, even though bleeding will not occur. Preventing infection is paramount if you have a puncture wound. You also need to get a tetanus shot.


The partial or complete tearing away of the skin and the underlying tissue below it is an avulsion type of Wound. When a person is involved in a fatal accident, the type of injury that usually occurs is called an avulsion. This includes a gunshot wound, explosion, or body-crushing accident. On such an occasion, the patient bleeds rapidly and heavily.

Treatment of Wounds

If you want proper wound care at home, you need to follow these steps:

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  • You can start by checking whether all the equipment you are going to use is clean. I'd you suspect that they are unclean, rub them with alcohol first.
  • Wash your hands with warm soapy water. Once you are done, dry them using a clean, dry towel.
  • The cut or scraped area should be cleaned by running warm water over it for a few minutes. The surrounding skin needs to be cleaned too; therefore, use warm soapy water. However, you should be careful not to get the soap into the injured area.
  • You should check to see if there are any glass fragments or debris still stuck in the injured site. If there are some left, remove them using a damp piece of cloth or a pair of tweezers. This should be done gently.
  • If you like, the cut or scraped area can use a little bit of petroleum jelly or antiseptic ointment.
  • Let dry airflow through the injured area and then cover it worth bandage or gauze. If it's a minor scrape or cut, you don't need to cover it with bandages.

Wilmington Urgent Clinic Difference

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Why visit a Wilmington Urgent Clinic
wound treatment?

Most people who want to receive urgent medical attention will decide to visit an urgent care clinic because they offer immediate care. Compared to an emergency room that only deals with medical or health care conditions that look life-threatening. Urgent care clinics will offer services to patients who require urgent health care. They are not the same as emergency rooms that only deal with emergency medical situations that are regarded as fetal. Patients who want to access urgent care services because they require immediate response and primary health care provider is not available can decide to go to a local urgent family clinic.

Frequently Asked Questions

In the healing processes for wounds, there are four major steps: hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling.

You can use these types of wound care medicine to clean a newly contaminated wound or an infected one – chlorhexidine, povidone-iodine, and hydrogen peroxide. You should understand that antiseptic solutions may damage the injured area more or delay healing.

The three kinds of healing include healing by secondary intention, delayed healing, or primary healing.

Wounds that are properly healing should have a pink color. This indicates that the healing process is slowly taking place. A wound that is not healing properly will have dark red color, and in case of contact, it will immediately start to bleed. If this happens, it is an indication that there is a presence of wound infection. In such wounds, treatment should be done in the light of microbiological results.

It is important to ensure that a wound is properly taken care of to avoid contaminations and infections. The healing process is also enhanced while minimizing the presence of scars.

In case your Wound is a scab, it is considered normal to witness it change to yellow after a while. This comes as a result of the breaking down of hemoglobin from red blood cells, which are then washed away from the scab.

The best way to close a deep wound is to use layers of absorbable sutures. To prevent a hematoma wound from forming, put a latex drain in deep oozing wounds. Irrigate contaminated wounds that are clean and use saline gauze to pack them open. For two days, Close the wounds with sutures.

Not all wounds will require debridement. This is only expected to be used in old wounds that don't seem to be healing gracefully. The doctor can also apply this procedure in chronic wounds that are getting worse instead of healing. If you are at high risk of developing complications due to infections, debridement may also be necessary.

Just after the injury, use warm water and soap to thoroughly clean the affected area. If there are any glass fragments or debris, you need to carefully remove them using tweezers. Gently apply pressure to prevent further bleeding. If the injury is due to a burn, let cool water pass through it gently. You can apply a cool, wet cloth too.

For faster wound healing, you need to change the dressing daily. Wash the injured area with warm soapy water. You can also apply petroleum jelly before covering it up with an adhesive bandage or gauze.

About Wilmington Urgent Clinic

Wilmington Urgent Family Clinic is a health and medical care leader in providing professional and superb health care services to patients residing in Wilmington, California. The founders of this clinic had the patient in mind when establishing this facility. While diagnosing and treating patients, doctors and nurses are always compassionate. We simply put ourselves in the patient's shoes, and everything works out well.

Wilmington Urgent, Family Clinic services are all about the urgency of the health condition. That is why we have extended our working hours. This ensures that all patients who walk in are always taken care of. This helps us to avoid the long waits that come with emergency rooms that only cater to life-threatening situations. Our clinic operates on a walk-in basis. This means that you will receive health care services without even scheduling an appointment. X-ray imaging is also part of our services.

Walk-in urgent care clinics such as Wilmington urgent care are established to cater to various modern health care needs. Among them is offering high-quality and convenient physical examinations. To access high-quality wound treatment or even a COVID-19 test, just type the wound care near me in Google's search bar. Wilmington Urgent Family Clinic is all about outstanding and superb care services, and you can count on our professional and experienced staff. We diagnose and treat properly regardless of the sickness or injury. Our clinics are spread all over Southern California.


Need of Urgent Care?

No more waiting for long hours in emergency rooms when you have Wilmington Urgent Care. Fix your appointment today and get attended right away.